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Welcome to deploying your MXNet model on Algorithmia!

This guide is designed as an introduction to deploying a MXNet model and publishing an algorithm even if you’ve never used Algorithmia before.

Table of Contents


Before you get started hosting your model on Algorithmia there are a few things you’ll want to do first:

Save your Pre-Trained Model

You’ll want to do the training and saving of your model on your local machine, or the platform you’re using for training, before you deploy it to production on the Algorithmia platform.

After training your MXNet model, you’ll want to save the model and weights so you can upload it to Algorithmia.

Create a Data Collection

Host your data where you want and serve it to your model with Algorithmia’s Data API.

In this guide we’ll use Algorithmia’s Hosted Data Collection, but you can host it in S3 or Dropbox as well. Alternatively, if your data lies in a database, check out how we connected to a DynamoDB database.

First, you’ll want to create a data collection to host your pre-trained model.

  • Log into your Algorithmia account and create a data collection via the Data Collections page.

  • Click on “Add Collection” under the “My Collections” section.

  • After you create your collection you can set the read and write access on your data collection.

Create a data collection

For more information check out: Data Collection Types.

Note, that you can also use the Data API to create data collections and upload files.

Host Your Model File

Next, upload your model files to your newly created data collection.

  • Load model by clicking box “Drop files here to upload”

  • Note the path to your files:

    • data://username/collections_name/resnet-152-0000.params,
    • data://username/collections_name/resnet-152-symbol.json,
    • data://username/collections_name/synset.txt

Create a data collection

Create your Algorithm

Hopefully you’ve already followed along with the Getting Started Guide for algorithm development. If not, you might want to check it out in order to understand the various permission types, how to enable a GPU environment, and use the CLI.

Once you’ve gone through the Getting Started Guide, you’ll notice that when you’ve created your algorithm, there is boilerplate code in the editor that returns “Hello” and whatever you input to the console.

The main thing to note about the algorithm is that it’s wrapped in the apply() function.

The apply() function defines the input point of the algorithm. We use the apply() function in order to make different algorithms standardized. This makes them easily chained and helps authors think about designing their algorithms in a way that makes them easy to leverage and predictable for end users.

Go ahead and remove the boilerplate code below that’s inside the apply() function on line 6, but leave the apply() function intact:

Algorithm console Python

Set your Dependencies

Now is the time to set your dependencies that your model relies on.

  • Click on the “Dependencies” button at the top right of the UI and list your packages under the required ones already listed and click “Save Dependencies” on the bottom right corner.

Please note that you will need to use the mxnet-cu80==0.11.0 package to be able to run an MXNet algorithm.

Also please add the following code snippet to the top of your python script to use the latest MXNet library:

import sys
# Don't use anaconda2 version of MXNet, it's too old

Set your dependencies

Load your Model

Here is where you load and run your model which will be called by the apply() function.

When you load your model, our recommendation is to preload your model in a separate function external to the apply() function.

This is because when a model is first loaded it can take time to load depending on the file size.

Then, with all subsequent calls only the apply() function gets called which will be much faster since your model is already loaded.

If you are authoring an algorithm, avoid using the ‘.my’ pseudonym in the source code. When the algorithm is executed, ‘.my’ will be interpreted as the user name of the user who called the algorithm, rather than the author’s user name.

Note that you always want to create valid JSON input and output in your algorithm. For examples see the Algorithm Development Guides.

Here is an example for loading your model based on the Predict with pre-trained models based on MXNet’s official tutorial.

Example Hosted Model:

import sys
# Don't use anaconda2 version of MXNet, it's too old
import Algorithmia
import mxnet as mx
import os
import cv2
import numpy as np
from collections import namedtuple
Batch = namedtuple('Batch', ['data'])

class AlgorithmError(Exception):
     def __init__(self, value):
         self.value = value
     def __str__(self):
         return repr(self.value)

client = Algorithmia.client()

def download_model_files():
    params = "data://deeplearning/mxnet_demo/resnet-152-0000.params"
    symbol = "data://deeplearning/mxnet_demo/resnet-152-symbol.json"
    synset = "data://deeplearning/mxnet_demo/synset.txt"

    params_path = "/tmp/resnet-152-0000.params"
    symbol_path = "/tmp/resnet-152-symbol.json"
    synset_path = "/tmp/synset.txt"

    params_temp_path = client.file(params).getFile().name
    symbol_temp_path = client.file(symbol).getFile().name
    synset_temp_path = client.file(synset).getFile().name

    os.rename(params_temp_path, params_path)
    os.rename(symbol_temp_path, symbol_path)
    os.rename(synset_temp_path, synset_path)

    return {"params": params_path, "symbol": symbol_path, "synset": synset_path}

def init_model(params_path, symbol_path, synset_path):
    sym, arg_params, aux_params = mx.model.load_checkpoint("/tmp/resnet-152", 0)
    mod = mx.mod.Module(symbol=sym, context=mx.cpu(), label_names=None)
    mod.bind(for_training=False, data_shapes=[("data", (1,3,224,224))],
    mod.set_params(arg_params, aux_params, allow_missing=True)
    with open(synset_path, 'r') as f:
        labels = [l.rstrip() for l in f]

    return {"sym": sym, "arg_params": arg_params, "aux_params": aux_params, "model": mod, "labels": labels}

files = download_model_files()
model_stuff = init_model(files["params"], files["symbol"], files["synset"])

def predict(imageData):
    img = get_image(imageData, show=True)
    # compute the predict probabilities
    prob = model_stuff["model"].get_outputs()[0].asnumpy()
    # print the top-5
    prob = np.squeeze(prob)
    a = np.argsort(prob)[::-1]
    for i in a[0:5]:
        return {"probability": float(prob[i]), "label": str(model_stuff["labels"][i])}

def get_image(url, show=False):
    # download and show the image
    # fname =
    data_path = client.algo("util/SmartImageDownloader/0.2.16").pipe(url).result["savePath"][0]
    fname = client.file(data_path).getFile().name
    img = cv2.cvtColor(cv2.imread(fname), cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB)
    if img is None:
         return None
    # convert into format (batch, RGB, width, height)
    img = cv2.resize(img, (224, 224))
    img = np.swapaxes(img, 0, 2)
    img = np.swapaxes(img, 1, 2)
    img = img[np.newaxis, :]
    return img

def apply(input):
    if not isinstance(input, dict):
        raise AlgorithmError("Please provide a valid input.")
        if "image" not in input:
            raise AlgorithmError("Please provide and image in input.")

    return predict(input["image"])

Now when you run this code, the expected input is:

    "image": ""

With the expected output:

  "label": "n01852142 wood duck, summer duck, wood widgeon, Aix sponsa",
  "probability": 0.27775251865386963

Publish your Algorithm

Last is publishing your algorithm. The best part of deploying your model on Algorithmia is that users can access it via an API that takes only a few lines of code to use! Here is what you can set when publishing your algorithm:

On the upper right hand side of the algorithm page you’ll see a purple button “Publish” which will bring up a modal:

Publish an algorithm

In this modal, you’ll see a Changes tab, a Sample I/O tab, and one called Versioning.

If you don’t recall from the Getting Started Guide how to go through the process of publishing your model, check that out before you finish publishing.

If you want to have a better idea of what a finished MXNet algorithm looks like, check out: MXNet Resnet 152

For more information and detailed steps: creating and publishing your algorithm

That’s it for hosting your MXNet model on Algorithmia!